The Mikrotik Notation is the format that Mikrotik uses to describe rate limits.
It lists the different parameters in a specific order. In this guide, we will explain how the Mikrotik Notation works.
This is the Mikrotik Notation parameters list:
rx-rate[/tx-rate] [rx-burst-rate[/tx-burst-rate] [rx-burst-threshold[/tx-burst-threshold] [rx-burst-time[/tx-burst-time] [priority] [rx-rate-min[/tx-rate-min]]]]
It might look complicated at first, dont’t worry, we will dissect it into smaller parts and explain each one of them.
From the router’s LAN interface, when the router receives data (rx) it means the client is uploading. When the router transfers data (tx), it means the client is downloading. In other terms, rx-rate/tx-rate means upload/download respectively.
Knowing that, the structure above translates to:
burst upload/burst download
burst threshold upload/burst threshold download
burst time upload/burst time download
min upload/min download
All rates should be numbers followed by an optional ‘k’ (thousands) or ‘M’ (millions).
For advanced shaping techniques, you may check how to configure Mikrotik Burst rate.
Example 1 : 512k
upload=512k, download=512k (no bursts)
Example 2 : 256k/512k
upload=256k, download=512k (no bursts)
Example 3 : 256k 512k
upload=download=256k, burst upload=burst download=512k, burst-threshold upload=burst threshold download=256k, burst time=1second
Example 4 : 256k 512k 192k
upload=download=256k, burst upload=burst download=512k, burst-threshold upload=burst threshold download=192k, burst time=1second
Example 5 : 256k/256k 512k/512k 192k/192k 8/8
upload=download=256k, burst upload=burst download=512k, burst-threshold upload=burst threshold download=192k, burst time upload=burst time download=8s
If both burst threshold upload (rx-burst-threshold) and burst threshold download (tx-burst-threshold) are not specified but burst upload/burst download is specified, upload (rx-rate) and download (tx-rate) is used as burst thresholds, see Example 3.
If download (tx-rate) is not specified, it is counted the same as upload (rx-rate). The same goes for burst download (tx-burst-rate), burst threshold download (tx-burst-threshold) and burst time download (tx-burst-time), see Example 4.
If min upload (rx-rate-min) and min download (tx-rate-min) are not specified, upload (rx-rate) and download (tx-rate) values are used. The min upload (rx-rate-min) and min download (tx-rate-min) values can not exceed upload(rx-rate) and download(tx-rate) values.
If both burst time upload (rx-burst-time) and burst time download (tx-burst-time) are not specified, 1 second is used by default.
Priority takes a value between 1 and 8 where 1 is the highest priority and 8 is the lowest.